As I was teaching our FVGC Advanced kids jiu-jitsu class the other day, I looked around the room as the kids were drilling technique and felt proud! It was a class of 6-12 year olds repping their techniques with beautiful movement and great discipline. They hardly needed any tries to “get it right”. During rolling they stayed controlled and calm, hardly ever relying on size or strength to gain position or get the submission. It occurred to me in that moment that in some ways it was easier to teach this class than the adult white belts, that the adults have a harder time smoothly doing technique and rolling with some flow.
- Kids come in with little to no pre-conceived ideas about BJJ: Usually kids come into class not knowing what jiu-jitsu is or how it should look. So, they come into class and take the instructor’s word for how things should be done and mimic the body movements and style of those that know more than they do. They don’t over-think it; they just DO IT.
- They work with adult instructors: The first time our kids roll, it is with an adult that is much larger than they are; perhaps this gives them the idea that their size and strength cannot be relied on all the time. They are forced to use good technique, as an instructor won’t let them get away with anything else!
- They keep it fun! Ego is much less of a problem in the kids’ classes. Of course, there is always some healthy competition, but the kids take it to heart when an instructor says, “You are going to have bad days rolling. It is okay. It happens to everyone. Everyone makes mistakes, and that is why you keep coming to class”. Even a child that has a rough practice is over it in about 10 minutes and ready to come back for their next class.
So I guess my advice is….Train like a kid! Come to class like a sponge, ready to absorb; roll with people that are bigger or more experienced than you; and, don’t let your ego get in the way of your training. Open your mind, open your heart, and LOVE JIU-JITSU!
Happy Training! 🙂
I spend a lot of time at the gym both watching and participating in Jiu jitsu classes here in Appleton. During these times, I hear a lot of discussion regarding body type and jiu jitsu. Even the kids in our BJJ program have realized that body type makes a huge difference. Many times the discussion is more of a complaint than anything…
“I am not strong enough to bump him”
“I am not flexible enough for this move”
“I can’t lock my guard/touch my knees to the floor in mount”
And then, there is the speculation that “That guy has the perfect jiu-jitsu body!”
The fact of the matter is that there is no such thing as a perfect jiu-jitsu body. Every body type has its advantages. Tall and lean is great for the guard. They may not be big and strong, but small guys can ball up, move fast and fluidly, and take advantage of little spaces. Those that aren’t that naturally flexible tend to take up a strong pressure and passing games. You must use what nature gave you and work with it! Not every move shown in class is going to be perfect for your game or be your #1 move; we all pick and choose. If you like to watch jiu jitsu videos, it may be a good idea to find someone that shares your body type!
That being said, remember that if you are frustrated with a certain technique or training partner, your body type may not be to blame! You may be missing details, a frame here or a hip movement there, or may need to modify your strategy…it’s probably something that your instructor can help you with!
There are a lot of different ways to cross train. One tool that has changed my Brazilian jiu-jitsu game is the exercise ball (also called a stability ball). If you have never seen an exercise ball used for Gracie jiu-jitsu, check out this video (sorry for the weird music…the guy knows how to move, but may need some help with his soundtrack choices):
I love the exercise ball for jiu-jitsu because it teaches a lot of different principles.
1) Balance and flow come from RELAXING the right parts of your body: If you are tense, you will lose your balance. The ball will “sweep” you. You need to relax the majority of your body and make minor adjustments to keep the main balance point. This is also helpful with your jiu-jitsu because it conserves energy and allows you to roll better longer.
2) A lot of CONTROL comes from your HIPS: You control the ball with your hips. You determine the direction it can roll and the places it will stop. This is a great concept for top positions in BJJ: Your hips create pressures and barriers for your opponent when you are rolling!
3) Mistakes happen, but you can MITIGATE the consequences if you FLOW: Tensing up and holding onto a bad position or base will get you swept or subbed. If I relax and counterbalance the mistake I may be able to salvage the position, deter my opponent’s game plan, or go to the next best position. I need to flow instead of panic.
Get started! There are a lot of videos out there to give you some ideas of where to start. You can also just start experimenting on your own, even if it is just starting with basic balancing positions (butt, stomach, knees). Have fun!
The other day I was teaching beginner Brazilian jiu jitsu in our Appleton school. It is a class in which we have a somewhat wide variety of experience levels, especially when you consider what 3 months of classes does for someone just starting out. So, when it comes to open rolling for the class, I keep a careful eye on all the matches for everyone’s safety and to coach the newbies a little bit. When I looked over I saw one of my 140lb. white belt girls battling with a grown man outweighing her by 60lbs and with at least a year of experience on her. She was on the bottom in side mount and then mount, struggling to escape. The guy she was rolling wasn’t being too rough or a jerk, he was just big and holding decent position. She was fighting, fighting, fighting. All of a sudden, her face changed. I could see the frustration and beginning of tears. She got overwhelmed and lost her will and focus; she made mistakes and was submitted.
It is one thing to get your butt kicked in jiu jitsu, to feel like you fought the good fight, to feel like you were just outclassed by your friend that day … but feeling overwhelmed by someone’s size, strength or experience can steal the heart out of your chest. THIS IS HUGE! It is an important thing to pay attention to whether you are in Gracie jiu-jitsu for self-defense or competition because being overwhelmed leads to PANIC. When we panic, we lose our heads, lose our focus, lose our strategy, lose our technique, and lose the fight.
How do we combat the panic we may feel during live roll? We can do it the same way we can combat any other fear, whether it is a fear of competing, a fear of heights, a fear of public speaking, etc. We practice! We immerse ourselves in the situation until it is no big deal…We compete once per month, we climb a rock wall on a regular basis, we do a presentation or announcement in front of our peers every week at work. When we are used to being in what we perceive as a bad situation, our brains and bodies kick in and do the work to protect us, just as they have practiced 1,000 times. So, we need to roll live and put ourselves in tight spots on a regular basis so we feel good while we roll in practice, so we stay calm when we compete, so we don’t panic when someone grabs us and we need to seriously defend ourselves on the street.
We’ve all heard the saying or at least some variation of it. It is, of course, true. We all get knocked down, pushed off track, and epically fail at something in our lives at one time or another (or again, and again, and again).
Learning to fail is easier said than done sometimes; and even those that feel like they generally have a good grasp on it still have those moments of weakness where the anger and embarrassment get overwhelming. (I would lie if I said I have never lost my cool on the mat or after a competition). It is especially difficult to keep perspective when you fail at something that you have invested yourself into, whether it is your time, money, dedication, hard work, sweat, blood, tears, etc.
To me, keeping your perspective when you have failed means taking the experiences that you have had and learning from them. Why sweep your failures under the rug? Why forget your mistakes? The greatest learning experiences come when you must face the consequences of your mistakes! Sometimes you know exactly went wrong (I was triangled at a tournament after putting my arm between the legs in sidemount top…never again); sometimes it takes a few hours in the gym to understand really what went wrong and how you would prevent it next time (after burning out and losing my third match on points at the 2012 Pan-Ams, I came home and worked on my composure and the mental side of my game for months).
The trouble that many run into is being able to hang onto failures to improve oneself without obsessing over them, beating themselves down with them, trashing their self-confidence. Part of “getting back up” is striking a balance between learning and self-forgiveness. Sometimes, you just have to brush it off and start over (below is me, getting Vaporized by my teammate…again). Happy training everyone.
Once you have been in BJJ for a while and have a fairly consistent training schedule, sometimes we can fall into “training just to train”. You come into the gym, do warmups at a comfortable pace, practice the technique of the day a few times but are not sure you’ll ever use it, and roll a few matches where you did pretty well (but you can’t really remember what happened).
People train for many different reasons from being a top-level jiu-jitsu fighter, to just having a fun way to get in shape. Whatever your overall reason for training is, it is important to approach each training session with…
to set as an aim, intention, or goal for oneself.
to intend; design.
to resolve (to do something)
Goals and purpose don’t always have to be big (I am training to be a world champion!). It can be as simple as, “I am going to focus on sweeping from the half-guard today” or “I am going to get a great workout by busting my butt during warmups and always moving during open roll” or “I am going to pull off the technique of the day in open roll”.
Training each day with purpose allows us to continually progress, or at the very least be AWARE of ourselves and our training (which I think is the first step in improving)…and that’s what we are really in the gym for. What are you training for today?
There is a lot of talk and controversy regarding the blog posted by Keith Owen (http://keith-owen.blogspot.ca/2013/02/can-women-really-handle-brazilian-jiu.html?m=1) about women in jiu-jitsu. Before I get into my take on Keith Owen’s article, I think it is important to tell you a little about who I am. I am a purple belt in Brazilian jiu-jitsu, a 2nd degree black belt in Karate, and the owner of a Brazilian jiu-jitsu/MMA/Fitness facility in Wisconsin (with my fiancé James). I have been a female in a male-dominated arena for the last 18 years.
When I started jiu-jitsu I was the sole female in the gym that I now own. We now have 8 women in our jiu-jitsu program, which is unprecedented for our school. I would like to take full credit as a female school owner/instructor for bringing women into the gym, but I am not sure that I honestly can. The truth is, it is so difficult to tell which women are going to keep at it and which ones will disappear. Some women come in for their free trial, take one class (with me!) and never come back. Sometimes, I think it isn’t what women expect and decide it isn’t for them (it is too physical, it is hard work, they don’t like the contact with other people). Some women sign up, but end up quitting, usually due to time constraints from work and family. Some take long breaks for injuries. And, to be honest, there are women that come in for the wrong reasons: They want to feel “like a fighter”, want the male contact, or are looking for a boyfriend (these are the most irritating reasons of course). When they get or, perhaps, don’t get what they are looking for, they leave.
The thing is that (with the exception of “looking for a boyfriend”), the reasons that women leave are the same reasons that men leave. Free Trial participants don’t sign up. Turnover happens in schools. It is part of the business. But, as many have said before, it is more apparent when one of the few women in the gym leaves. The question really is why it is so frustrating and such a topic of conversation when schools cannot seem to retain or quickly increase the number of females in their programs. As a school owner, I have my own reasons for wanting to recruit and retain women in the program:
1) Women help complete the community: Part of what makes BJJ so amazing is its ability to bring people from all walks of life together. Different minds, bodies, perspectives, and personalities make a fun training environment. Women contribute to that environment too!
2) I like training with other women: I like training with women because they tend to be more technical and mimic the types of games I may encounter in competition. I am a feminist, but I know in my heart that men and women are not built the same and, therefore, many times do not roll the same as many men. I partner and roll with men and women alike; I get different benefits from both.
3) A good female BJJ practitioner is impressive and a good representation of the martial art: Having the underdog (smaller, not as strong, etc.) be able to win a fight is the essence of the art. I have had men sign up and keep training because they were submitted by a woman and decided “I have to learn this!”. As instructors, we love seeing the underdog blossom and become an ass-kicker!
I have tried different things with incoming women and my female teammates. I have gone easy on them, made them take their lumps (like I had to), created all women’s classes (which did NOT work), and made everyone train together. It has been a frustrating process in many ways, which I think Keith Owen failed to express appropriately. I think he is scrambling for an answer to this apparent issue and, in the process, making some sweeping generalizations that come off as sexist.
I will say that being a woman in jiu-jitsu can be a journey that is more frustrating than some men realize. I got my butt kicked for years…tap after tap after tap; getting crushed by big guys; feeling like I got run over by a car some days after rolling with guys that lacked control or knowledge (we had a LOT more white belts back then). Now I have guys in my beginner class that get upset if they get tapped once in a match, or get positionally dominated for 5 minutes. It takes guts to hang in there while you get your butt kicked and take the little victories of each practice with you. You have to be patient, develop your technique, your game, your strategy against different body types. It took time for me to do that; but now, I am a TRUE contender in my gym.
I think when it comes to keeping students; it comes down to creating an environment that truly embraces BJJ as a personal journey. It’s not about winning in practice, being the best in the room, being the strongest, imposing your will, getting instant gratification. It is about developing your technique and game, about learning…about developing as a martial artist and person! This should be a rule for men and women, big and small, strong and weak alike. Those that truly love jiu-jitsu will stay; but we will always lose students, men and women alike.
At least three times per year, Team FVGC hosts a seminar with Luiz Claudio and Thiago Veiga, the head instructors of our affiliation, the Luiz Claudio Combat Team (LCCT). The seminars are usually three to four hours long and are formatted like an extended jiu-jitsu class.
Some people hesitate to attend seminars for a number of reasons, including the one-time cost, the time commitment, or being intimidated. But, if you are serious about improving your jiu-jitsu game, seminars are a great investment. Here are a few reasons why:
- New Horizons: Even if the head instructor of your school is very skilled and knowledgeable, seminars are a time that guest instructors bring out special techniques or “extra details” that may not be covered in regular classes. The same way you can in private lessons with your head instructor, you can use seminar techniques to open up and expand your game and expose you to positions or philosophy you haven’t encountered before.
- Role Models: One of the best ways to elevate your game is to have a role model, someone that moves and performs well. Many seminars include a decent amount of demonstration time as well as explanation of theory and movement. Different jiu-jitsu players move different ways; sometimes it takes a while to find a style that you feel most comfortable imitating. The more high level people you train with, the more styles you have available to emulate.
- Face Time: Especially if the seminar is with the head of your school’s BJJ affiliation, attending seminars can show your dedication to the sport and the association and let the affiliation know who you are! Once they know your face, it is easy to contact them, ask questions, and visit them at their home schools if you have the time!
We hope to see you July 21st at 10am for the next LCCT seminar here at FVGC! Keep the hard train!
Motivation is what gets you started. Habit is what keeps you going.
— Jim Ryan
Some say getting started is the hardest part when it comes to training or achieving fitness goals; but I think that once you have a goal and some motivation, it is a straightforward task to get a plan and get started (especially if you have a good set of coaches, trainers, teammates, etc.!). The hard part is maintaining your plan once the excitement of a new endeavor has faded or once your initial goal has been achieved. Once you decide to be a year-round athlete or decide it’s time to just “be in shape”, creating good training habits is essential.
I consider good training habits to be a sort of momentum that I keep by maintaining a consistent training schedule. It can be as simple as three days on, two days off. I personally train BJJ Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday, with strength and conditioning on Tuesdays and Thursdays. Friday and Sunday are my rest/recovery days. If you keep a framework to your training schedule, it is simple for your body and brain to sustain a training baseline, or minimum that you will be doing each week, so that your technique or strength or conditioning is at least maintained throughout the year. When you have a baseline, it is easy to ramp up the training by increasing the intensity of your workout or adding sessions throughout the week once you have an imminent goal, like a tournament or fight.
I can’t tell you how many times I have seen people train hard for a tournament or a fight, then drop off the face of the earth for two or three weeks or until they have a new tournament or fight coming up. I watch these guys struggle to progress in their technique and their conditioning; it’s as though they are starting from square one each time. They come back feeling out of shape, tired, out of the loop, rusty, and having to work hard just to get back to a level where they can really start to work for their fight. Or, they come back and wonder why that guy they used to beat up on seems so much better now.
Other times, “life just gets in the way”. People have long work hours and families and social schedules. One week off turns into two and three and, soon, it is easy to feel discouraged and give up when that first class back is so much harder than you remember.
I’m not saying that you can never go on vacation or that missing practice for your kid’s piano recital is a bad thing. But I will say that the more you stay consistent (just showing up!), the more you will steadily progress and the easier it is to maintain in the long run for both your body and your brain.
What should I be doing when I am not in jiu-jitsu class?
When you are looking to be in great shape, one of the most important things is to get a variety of different workouts that work different muscle groups and functions. Jiu-jitsu is great in that it has the potential to work muscle endurance, explosive muscle movement, flexibility and cardio. However, sometimes it is good to pick up the intensity in some of those categories…Here are some of my favorite cross-training activities for BJJ:
Some people prefer to run or use the exercise bike, but because my knees are not in the greatest shape, swimming is my favorite way to boost my cardio fast. It is easy on the joints and not too taxing on your muscles on your “off days”. I swim for 25-35 minutes at a time, doing a mix of swimming laps, using the kickboard, running front and back…and just moving, moving, moving to work your heart and lungs!
Flexibility and Static Strength: Yoga
Yoga is a great activity for BJJ for a few reasons. Yoga is great for increasing flexibility (think: great guard work and flow) and your static strength for holding positions. Yoga is also great for learning to control your breath! If you can’t make it to a yoga class and still want to increase your flexibility, spend 15-20 minutes after BJJ class doing static stretching and breathing…Make sure that you are already warm! Never stretch cold!
Muscle Endurance/Explosive Movement:
For this, use a combination of body weight exercises and resistance training (using weights, resistance bands, medicine balls, etc)…Just come to Team Conditioning at Team FVGC 😉 But, generally we pick 6 exercises that work different muscle groups to get a full body workout. For muscle endurance use low weight and high reps. For more explosive movement, do less reps but make sure you either have resistance or are exploding through the movement (e.g. for each burpie you do, jump as high as you can, rather than doing more burpies with small jumps). I personally don’t use a lot of traditional weight lifting. My “heavy lifting” ends up being rolling guys bigger than I am. For cross-training, I focus on controlled, functional movement.